Outcome measures

Upon completion of this module you should be able to:

  • Describe at least two reasons for using one primary outcome
  • Identify two types of data that support that a measure is a ‘valid’ surrogate marker for treatment
  • Identify the main criterion for determining whether a marker is a valid ‘surrogate’ endpoint
  • Describe two pros and cons for using composite outcomes.

Written by:

Steven Cummings

Biography :

Steven Cummings is a professor of medicine, UCSF.


Accreditor credit Accreditation statement
BMJ Learning 1 credit, 1:00 hour BMJ Learning has assigned one hour of credit to this module
BMJ and UCSF 4 credits, 4:00 hours The BMJ and UCSF have assigned 4 hours of credit to this module.

Release date

05 Feb 2016

Last updated

05 Feb 2016